Well, I'm here to tell you today that horror can make you a better person. For lurking within horror's black heart are ethics, humanity, hope, intellect and wisdom. You have to know where to look. Every genre has its own tropes, and it is in these ideas and cliches that horror's morality can be perceived. Here are the most common and what we can learn from them. They are simple moral lessons that we often forget.
1. Characters Questing for Forbidden Knowledge bring Doom
H.P. Lovecraft. It can be scientists experimenting in realms of knowledge without considering the consequences, a theme commonly seen in Atomic Age horror. However, it's not just in the concept that characters investigate things they should just leave alone. How many times have you stared at a movie screen and willed a character not to go into that house, not to go outside to see where the dog went, or just DON'T OPEN THAT DOOR!?
The reckless attitude of horror characters can best be shown in the 1999 piece a' shit, Bats. When asked why he created a race of malevolent, super-powered bats, their creator answers, “Because I'm a scientist! That's what we do! We make things better!”
The Lesson: Curiosity Eviscerated the Human
The 21st century promises any number of humanity-threatening disasters, thanks to mankind's own ingenuity, inventiveness and curiosity. Millions of us could die as the result of global warming. Or self-aware robots. Or self-replicating nanobots. Or, of course, the old favourite nuclear annihilation.
Horror asks us to consider why we're researching creepy stuff like crowd-control microwave cannons. It asks us to consider the implications of programming artificial intelligence that can learn. It asks us to think about the far-reaching consequences of building a nuclear reactor in, say, a place with lots of earthquakes and accompanying tsunamis.
Are some forms of progress worth the danger and loss in human life and dignity. At the very least, horror asks us to proceed with caution. So, to the scientist who is currently working on the project to invent the big red button that destroys the universe (and I know you're out there somewhere), please give some sober thought to inventing something actually helpful, like cars with sewage engines or a cure for pop music.
2. The Skeptic
A stock character in the horror genre is the skeptic. Oftentimes, the protagonist begins the story as a skeptic. From a story perspective, the skeptic is an agent of the world that audiences find familiar, a world that is unpopulated by horrible, incomprehensible things. The skeptic sympathetically latches to old beliefs about reality even if something overtly supernatural kills somebody. They constantly try to convince other characters that they are safe. Their single most common line of dialogue is some permutation of, “There has to be a rational explanation for all this.”
Or, as Dr. Roger Fleming from The Lost Skeleton of Cadavera says, “Ranger Brad, I'm a scientist, I don't believe in anything.”
As appealing as the Skeptic's arguments can be, unfortunately they are wrong wrong wrong. The monsters are real and they are dangerous. In order for Horror protagonists to deal with their new reality, they must stop listening to the skeptics and confront the problem. As for the skeptics themselves, they frequently discover the hard way that vampires are real.
The Lesson: Don't Cling to Old Ideas if they are Proven Incorrect
I would like you to think about your least-favourite politician. How many times have you cursed this politician as being evil? Stupid? Corrupt? A liar? Have you ever been watching them speak and turned them off because their words make you furious? Have you ever shared an article about what a bad person this politician is with friends on Facebook and felt better as likes and sympathetic comments pour in?
Yes, you have. Everybody does it. Your least-favourite politician represents a threat to your belief system. The anger you feel is the result of cognitive dissonance, the tiny voice in your head that whispers that you are wrong. We all hate this feeling and when we are presented with information that contradicts us, we spurn the messenger, downplay the information, or seek comfort with like-minded people.
We may be right to do so, because sometimes other people really are deceitful or incorrect. However, somewhere in your life, right this instant, a there is something in your life that is making you unhappy. This issue may be difficult to see at first, but if you need hints, you need only think about stuff that makes you angry or tearful. Work from there. What is your unhappy truth that you won't admit? It can be causing depression. It might even be killing you, such as if you are a smoker, alcoholic, or over-eater. Ignoring it isn't helping. Identify it. Your proverbial vampires can still hurt you, but to slay them, you have to know that they exist.
More than any other genre, horror isolates its protagonists. This isolation can be physical, such as the uncharted wilderness cave of The Descent. It can be social, such as when characters seek help from indifferent or hostile authorities, or worse yet, authorities who are in league with the baddies, such as Body-Snatchers!
Game over, man!
The Lesson: Only You can Solve Your Problems
Life is our horror flick. When it comes to our personal issues, we are as alone as any horror character. Remember that hidden, wicked truth about yourself that is lurking within your personality? Nobody can confront that issue but you. A therapist, counsellor or priest might assist you, but only you can actually take the steps to solve your problem.
Self help-types agree:
The most important aspect of taking responsibility for your life is to acknowledge that your life is your responsibility. No one can live your life for you. You are in charge. No matter how hard you try to blame others for the events of your life, each event is the result of choices you made and are making. “Gatekeeper”, By S Miriam Clifford
Once you have seen your truth, deal with it. You will take steps closer to the person you want to be. And when your life fades to black and humanity's ultimate monster, death, creeps upon your soul, you will not be the cringing idiot who claws at his deathbed and screams, "I'm not ready!" You'll be able to grunt something awesome like, "Take me, ya sonofabitch. I had a fuckin' good run!"
4. The Crazy Plan that Might Just Work
Horror monsters are usually immune to conventional problem solving. If dealing with them were as simple as negotiation or shooting them, they wouldn't be scary. Luckily, they usually come with disastrous heels Achilles'. While common in other genres, a Crazy Plan that Might Just Work is almost required in any horror story.
downloaded into the invader's navigation system. Whatever the solution, it possesses the power to completely neutralize the baddy and its minions.
The Lesson: Every Problem Has a Solution
The message here is one of hope. The characters of horror movies often best the vilest, most violent and supernatural opponents the human imagination can dream. Their problems are so much worse than yours, yet they succeed. Every problem you face also has a solution for somebody clever enough to see it and brave enough to use it.
To quote Stan Rogers, singing from beyond the grave:
Rise again, rise again—
though your heart it be broken Or life about to end.
No matter what you've lost, be it a home, a love, a friend,
Like the Mary Ellen Carter, rise again.
5. The Misunderstood Monster
The last few years have seen a parade of movies involving dead little girls annoying protagonists with their antics, only to have the hero help them solve their murders. The Sixth Sense, Stir of Echoes and What Lies Beneath come to mind. They are a common manifestation of another stock character, the Misunderstood Monster.
the Pants are terrified of him:
I never heard such whimpering
And I began to see
That I was just as strange to them
As they were strange to me
In the case of the Pants, they become friends. Other monsters offer assistance or information to heroes after they discover the nature of the story's real enemy.
The Lesson: Losers Make Loyal Friends
Professor Steven Reiss lists 16 basic desires that motivate all people. Amongst them is Acceptance, the human need to be liked and understood by other people.
Different people rank their desires in different order of importance, but chances are you know a socially inept person who needs Acceptance in a bad way. If you can practice tolerance and patience when dealing with these misunderstood freaks, you can win loyal allies.
If you are a misunderstood freak yourself, you can always hope that somebody reading this post reaches out to you. In the meantime, there's always porn.
6. An Asshole Screws Everybody Over, Inviting Unfavourable Comparison to the Monsters
Seen many zombie apocalypse movies? The best ones go like this: in the first act, the heroes run from the zombies. In the second act, they have found a sanctuary from the undead hordes that allows them to talk, love and argue in safety. While the zombies remain a threat, the heroes can deal with them.
In short, while the zombies are dangerous, it is the conflicts between humans that destroy the community of survivors. When considering the horror genre in general, Perhaps Ellen Ripley says it best after company-man Burke locks her in a room with some Aliens in an unsuccessful attempt to cover his own ass:
"I don't know which species is worse. You don't see them fucking each other over for a goddamn percentage."
The Lesson: Play Nice and Share
Last summer the world experienced the Occupy Protests. Large groups of people camped in public spaces everywhere to protest wealth inequality, amongst other things. One of their slogans was the phrase, “We are the 99%”, referring to figures that the top 1% of income earners are hogging all the wealth while everybody else is left with nothing. If you are unemployed, broke, or suffering from a disease you can't afford to treat, perhaps you know what they're talking about.
Most people are not serial killers. However, we can still be monsters. Like that Asshole in the zombie movie, we become monsters when we follow selfish ends that harm other people, even indirectly. When our community is harmed, we are harmed. And someday, like a zombie horde, our selfish actions may bite us in the ass. The Romanovs were probably kicking themselves over that whole greed thing as they were being murdered by communists.
Right now, people all over the world are suffering, not just in the first world. It's easy to dismiss these people as “lazy” or “drunks” or “criminals” or “terrorists”. And you would be right to do so, because amongst the ranks of the poor, there are many layabouts, drunks, criminals, and a smattering of anarchists. But a lot of them are not pretending. Those people, right now, are hungry, homeless, in pain and dying.
Personally, I advocate progressive taxation. But that's just me and those of you who are a little more libertarian at heart may find that distasteful. So here's another idea: charity.
Are you a millionaire? Or maybe even a just a half-millionaire? Somewhere in your life, you are considering a purchase you really don't need. Instead of a second summer-home, maybe a church charity beckons. Instead of a new yacht, some starving students out there would really appreciate you setting up a scholarship fund. Instead of buying that Hummer, rush down to the soup kitchen passing out $100 bills and giggling like an idiot. Spare that brother a dime.
You might actually find it spiritually rewarding. You'll get pats on the back from your contemporaries and you may help avert a communist revolution. Also, God will give you a personal thumbs up upon entry into heaven. Everybody wins.
7. The Horror is Not Over
(Lake Placid). Or, surprise-surprise, Freddy returns for one more fatality.
You're supposed to be scared, see, because the scary stuff is still out there, man. This horror-standard has, no doubt, caused many a viewer to lie awake in bed with the light on, fretting and jumping at night noises.
The Lesson: Evil Can Never Truly be Destroyed
We got that sonofabitch, Adolf Hitler, the most evil man ever. Huzzah for us, we sent a murderous madman to hell.
Now we just have to forget that the evil Joseph Stalin never paid for his crimes. We also have to forget about how Mao Zedong ravaged China. Now forget that hundreds of bloodthirsty dictators have emerged since 1945 in countries all over the world, bathing the earth in blood.
But we cannot forget. For evil still lurks in the heart of our species. Evil dwells in the sneer of a miserly employer, the cackle of a snobby country-club madam and the baton of a racist cop. Evil will exist as long as there are humans.
What does that mean for you? That's a complicated question, and it's up to you to answer. I will ask you these questions to help you ponder. What is evil? And, does somebody you know view you as evil? Are you okay with that?
That's enough observation for now. Every horror story has a moral, even if it's drowning under gallons of blood. Next time you pop in a crappy horror flick, ask yourself what it's trying to tell you.
Or don't. Hey, look at the naked woman getting killed!